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Blood Disorders and Qualifying for Disability Benefits

Appealing for benefits is best done under the guidance of an experienced disability lawyer.

Can I get disability benefits if I am suffering from the effects of a Blood Disorder?

Author Attorney Lloyd Bemis:


Blood is a specialized body fluid that circulates throughout the body transporting oxygen, sugars, and hormones.

Blood is composed of red blood cells that carry oxygen to the body’s tissues, white blood cells that fight infections; platelets which help the blood clot; and plasma, the liquid portion of blood. Here we outline what the Social Security Administration says about qualifying for disability while suffering from the effects of a blood disorder.


blood disability

The SSA recognizes some Blood Disorders in its Blue Book. To qualify the requirements of the listing must be met or the inability to work must be proven.

Blood disorders can affect any blood component, impacting the blood’s ability to function and causing a variety of symptoms including unexplained fatigue and weight loss, or abnormal bleeding and clotting.

Treatment for blood disorders varies greatly and may include medications, vitamin supplements, blood transfusions, bone transplants and chemotherapy.


There are many blood disorders that affect red blood cells, anemia being the most commonly known.

Anemia, is a disorder characterized by a low number of red blood cells that causes fatigue, shortness of breath, and pale skin.


There are several types of anemia:

  •   Iron-deficiency anemia. Iron is necessary to produce red blood cells. Iron-deficiency anemia is usually due to blood loss from menstruation, low iron intake, ulcers or cancer and is treated with iron supplements.
  •   Pernicious anemia. This blood disorder is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B12, an inability to absorb B12, or an autoimmune condition and treated with B12 supplements or injections.
  •   Anemia due to chronic disease. Some medical conditions, such as kidney disease, may cause anemia. Injections of the synthetic hormone epoetin alfa are used to stimulate blood cell production.
  •   Apastic anemia occurs when the bone marrow does not produce enough red blood cells or white blood cells. It can be caused by hepatitis, Epstein-Barr, or HIV and is treated with medications and bone transplants.
  •   Autoimmune hemolytic anemia. In this disorder an overactive immune system destroys the body’s red blood cells. Drugs that suppress the immune system, such as prednisone, are commonly used to treat this condition.
  •   Thalassemia is a genetic form of anemia that affects people of Mediterranean descent. While many people with this disorder have no symptoms and require no treatment, others need blood transfusions.
  •   Sickle cell anemia. This disorder is an inherited form of anemia affecting people whose families originated in Africa, South or Central America, the Caribbean islands, India, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Greece, and Italy. The red blood cells affected are sticky and stiff, blocking blood flow and causing pain and organ damage. Treatment includes antibiotics, vitamins, blood transfusions, and various medications.


Contact a Social Security disability attorney at 512-454-4000 for a free consultation and see if you can get disability benefits while suffering from Blood Disorders. If you have been denied disability don’t give up!


In addition to anemia, polycythemia vera is another blood disorder which affects red blood cells.

Polycythemia is an uncommon blood cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many red blood cells. These excess blood cells thicken the blood, slowing its flow and causing complications, such as blood clots. Treatment may involve drawing blood from the body, aspirin and medications to decrease blood cells and destroy cancer cells.


Blood disorders that affect white blood cells:

  •   Lymphoma is a form of blood cancer that develops in the lymph system where white blood cells multiply and spread abnormally.
  •   Leukemia is a form of blood cancer where malignant white blood cells multiply inside bone marrow.
  •   Multiple myeloma is a form of blood cancer in which white blood cells and plasma cells multiply, releasing substances that cause organ damage.
  •   Myelodysplastic syndrome. A blood cancer that develops slowly and affects bone marrow.


Blood disorders that affect platelets:

  •   Thrombocytopenia is a condition characterized by a low number of platelets.
  •   Idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura is a blood disorder that causes a low number of platelets resulting in bruising, abnormal bleeding and small red spots on the skin.
  •   Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is a rare blood disorder in which too many platelets are produced, causing excess clotting and/or bleeding.


Blood disorders affecting plasma:

  •   Hemophilia is a genetic deficiency of certain proteins which cause the blood to clot.
  •   Hypercoagulable state is a condition where the blood clots too easily.
  •   Deep venous thrombosis is a condition where a blood clot forms in a deep vein, typically in a leg, and may travel to the lung, causing a pulmonary embolism.


A blood disorder can be seriously disabling. The Social Security Administration has listings for many of these blood disorders in its Blue Book, setting out the requirements for qualifying for disability benefits for each condition.

  1.   We evaluate non-malignant (non-cancerous) hematological disorders, such as hemolytic anemias (7.05), disorders of thrombosis and hemostasis (7.08), and disorders of bone marrow failure (7.10). These disorders disrupt the normal development and function of white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, and clotting-factor proteins (factors).
  2.    We evaluate malignant (cancerous) hematological disorders, such as lymphoma, leukemia, and multiple myeloma, under the appropriate listings in 13.00, except for two lymphomas associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We evaluate primary central nervous system lymphoma associated with HIV infection under 14.11B, and primary effusion lymphoma associated with HIV infection under 14.11C.


In order to qualify for Social Security Disability benefits with any blood disorder, you will need to provide Social Security the following evidence documenting a diagnosis of a blood disorder:

  •    A laboratory report of a definitive test that establishes a hematological disorder, signed by a physician; or
  •   A laboratory report of a definitive test that establishes a hematological disorder that is not signed by a physician and a report from a physician that states you have the disorder; or
  •    When Social Security doesn’t have a laboratory report of a definitive test, a persuasive report from a physician that a diagnosis of your hematological disorder was confirmed by appropriate laboratory analysis or other diagnostic method(s). This report must state that you had the appropriate definitive laboratory test or tests for diagnosing your disorder and provide the results, or explain how your diagnosis was established by other diagnostic methods consistent with the prevailing state of medical knowledge and clinical practice.


In addition to complete medical records, Social Security will want to see proof of the severity of the particular blood disorder you suffer from.

Depending on the disorder, you may need to provide results of blood counts or documentation of blood transfusions or bone marrow transplants. For example, if you have sickle cell anemia, you need to have had three or more crises within five months or three crises requiring hospitalization in the past year; if you have chronic anemia, you need to show that you need a blood transfusion at least once every other month.


The wide range of medical conditions that are classified as blood disorders and the specific medical evidence required for each one can make filing for disability benefits very complicated.

A qualified disability attorney can help you evaluate your eligibility, gather medical and financial documentation, and guide you through the filing process.


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Disability benefits are an important source of income for those who are unable to work. If you are not able to work due to accident or illness, you may be eligible for Social Security Disability or Long Term Disability benefits. If you have applied for benefits and been denied, contact the attorneys at Bemis, Roach and Reed for a free consultation. Call 512-454-4000 and get help NOW.


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Attorney Lloyd BemisAuthor: Attorney Lloyd Bemis has been practicing law for over 35 years. He is Superlawyers rated by Thomson Reuters and is Top AV Preeminent® and Client Champion Gold rated by Martindale Hubbell. Through his extensive litigation Mr. Bemis obtained dual board certifications from the Texas Board of Legal Specialization. Lloyd is admitted to practice in the United States District Court – all Texas Districts and has argued before the U.S. Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit. Mr. Bemis is a member of the Travis County Bar Association. He has been active in the American Association for Justice and is a past Director of the Capital Area Trial Lawyers Association. Mr. Bemis and all the members of Bemis, Roach & Reed have been active participants in the Travis County Lawyer referral service.

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