How COBRA, SSDI and Medicare work together.
This is an ideal representation of the time-table of how COBRA, SSDI and Medicare should work together.
Eligibility could shift based upon delays in award of SSDI, retroactive SSDI benefits, etc. You become qualified for Medicare 24 months after your SSDI benefits begin, including retroactive pay. You are ineligible for SSDI for the first 5 months of your disability, but don’t wait to begin the application process! The sooner you begin, the better your chance of avoiding a coverage gap.
An SSDI benefit request takes 300 days, on average, to process. COBRA providers must receive notification of SSDI award within 60 days of your receipt of notification, and before the initial 18-month COBRA coverage period expires. Don’t wait until it’s too late and you’re caught in a coverage gap!
COBRA is the acronym for the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, which was signed into law in 1986.
The law amends the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) so that employees can extend their health care benefits when they would otherwise lose them due to a job action. In most instances, the job action means termination of employment, although loss of health care benefits can also result from a cutback in hours worked. The termination can be voluntary or involuntary so long as the termination was not for cause. Not all employers are required to offer COBRA coverage. Companies with less than 20 employees are exempted. If your company offers COBRA coverage, you may be allowed to stay on your company’s health plan for up to 29 months.
This is called the COBRA TRAP because many disabled individuals end up with only 18 months in COBRA coverage rather than 29 months.
If you file for Social Security Disability (SSDI) during the initial 18 months of COBRA coverage and are granted benefits during that 18 months, you will, in certain circumstances, be entitled to another 11 months on your employer’s health plan. If you file for SSDI but do not receive your Notice of Award letter until after the initial 18 months, COBRA cannot be extended. Additionally, most plans require that the Plan Administrator be informed of the successful SSDI claim within 60 days of receipt of the Notice of Award letter.
For disabled individuals on COBRA, it is extremely important to file for SSDI without delay.
The average processing time for a SSDI claim is over 300 days. You must receive your Notice of Award during the first 18 months of COBRA coverage and then forward it to the Plan Administrator within 60 days. Extending the eligibility by 11 months is crucial because SSDI recipients are not eligible for Medicare for 29 months after they are determined to be disabled. You can see from these rules that you must be diligent. If your COBRA coverage ends at 18 months, you may be forced to go without health care coverage for 11 months while waiting for Medicare to start.
COBRA is not welfare. During the first 18 months of coverage, you can be charged up to 102% of the total cost of the health care premium.
That means the combined portions paid by the employer and the employee. If the benefit is extended, the COBRA premium can be as high as 150% of the combined portions paid by the employer and the employee. That is a lot in premiums, but most folks cannot afford to be without coverage.
Don’t get caught without coverage.
If you are on COBRA and are disabled, you need to file for SSDI. You need to contact a disability attorney to help you with your case.
Unfortunately, about a quarter of people will become disabled during their working years. If an injury or illness is preventing you from working, you may be eligible to collect disability benefits. If you are thinking of filing for social security or long term disability we can help. If you have filed for benefits and been denied disability we can assist in your appeal. Don’t give up. Contact the experienced long term disability attorneys at Bemis, Roach and Reed today for a free consultation. Call 512-454-4000 and get help NOW.
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